Fireplaces & Lighting

candle wall light

Candle Wall Light

hearthstone fire dogs

Hearthstone Fire with Fire Dogs
Anglo-Saxon to early 17th century.  The fire was lit directly onto the hearthstone with wooden logs used as fuel.  The fire dogs held the fuel in place and also supported the spit (included) when roasting meat over the fire.

Dimensions (inches):  21/8 w (inc. spit) x 11/8 d x 15/16 h


Basket Grate
16th century onwards.  This was the first type of free-standing grate.  When coal started to be used it needed an underdraught, so a raised basket was used.  Wood and peat were still frequently used in this type of grate.  Includes a spit for roasting.

Dimensions (inches): 2 w (inc. spit) x 1 d x 13/8 h


Dog Grate
17th century onwards.  A free-standing fire basket with a fixed back and fire dogs, for ornament only, attached to the front.
18.50 (grate only)
25 (grate with surround)

Dimensions (inches):  1 w x 9/16 d x 1 h (grate);
2 w x 111/16 h (surround)


Georgian Hob Grate
Mid 18th century onwards.  An open grate in the centre for burning coal and two small hobs on either side upon which kettles or pans could be kept warm.
18.50 (grate only)
25 (grate with surround)

Dimensions (inches):  1 w x 9/16 d x 1 h (grate);
21/8 w x 23/16 h (surround)

chimney crane

Chimney Crane
From Medieval times onwards.  An iron contrivance that was used to suspend cooking pots and griddles above an open fire. 

wheel light

Wheel Light
(with four candles)
From Medieval times onwards.  Used as a support for ceiling hung candles.

wooden cross light

Wooden Cross Candle Light
(with four candles)
From Medieval times onwards.  A wooden structure with four arms to support candles and usually suspended by a chain.  Typically found in large halls, churches, etc.


Bedroom Fire
A simple coal fire found in many bedrooms from the beginning of the 19th century.  It would probably only have been used when someone was ill and had to remain in bed for a period of time.
18.50 (grate only)
25 (grate with surround)

Dimensions (inches):  1 w x 9/16 d x 1 h (grate);
2 w x 111/16 h (surround).


Chamberstick (non working)
A wooden candle holder designed to be carried around.  Its name comes from its most frequent use - being carried to the bed chamber at night.


Large Closed Range
Dimensions (inches):  25/16 w x 5/8 d x 25/8 h
dolls houses & dolls house furniture
1/48th scale, 1/24th scale (half scale),
kits & commissions

tel: 01543 500416  mobile: 07760 373 113

Our 24th lights and fires are lit by grain of rice bulbs and need to be powered using a 12volt transformer connected to the mains.

Approximate measurements for fires are provided in inches.


Spit Screen
In the large kitchens of the wealthy, before mechanical jacks were introduced, a boy was employed to turn the roasting meat on a spit over the fire.  To screen him from the heat, a wet straw archery target was attached to a pole for him to sit behind.
1/24th - 9


Rushlight Holder (non-working)
Rushlights were made by pulling peeled, dried rushes through animal fat and were used from at least Anglo Saxon times up until the middle of the 20th century in some parts of Britain. 


Wall Torch
Wall torches were used for lighting in the stone-built Norman castles as well as the earlier Anglo-Saxon halls.  They may also have been used in the pele towers of Scotland and northern England.
Available with either a white or red bulb (specify when ordering).


Free-standing Candlestick (working)


Candle Snuffer


Small Closed Range
Dimensions (inches):  15/8 w x 1/2 d x 21/4 h


Candle Box
Hung on the wall to keep away from rats and mice.


Small Open Range
Dimensions (inches): 15/8w x 1/2d x 21/4h

Large Open Range
Dimensions (inches):  25/16 w x 5/8 d x 25/8 h

Large Open Range
(picture to follow)


Pewter Wall Candle

Used over an open fire by suspending from a chimney crane to cook clap bread (unleven bread) and oatcakes.
1/24th - 1.50


Cast Iron Ranges
Earlier in the 18th cent. iron baking ovens with a fire grate below were being produced.  They were build into a fireplace to one side of the kitchen grate.  This led to the development of the cast iron range with the oven and kitchen grate combined and no need for the grate below the oven.  The next move was to add a boiler on the other side of the grate.  These were filled and emptied through a lid on top but later had a tap fitted to the front for access to the hot water.  This type of range was an open kitchen range, so called because the fire was open to the chimney.  Meat could still be roasted in front of the fire and a crane or hooks were used to suspend pots and kettles over the fire.  Open ranges continued to be made well into the 19th cent.  From about 1820 a new type of range became available.  This was the closed kitchen range where the fire grate was now covered with an iron hotplate, preventing loss of heat up the chimney and so making them more efficient.  Instead, the heat was diverted via flues surrounding the oven and boiler first.  The oven was now heated from both sides, giving a much more even heat when cooking.  Plates, etc. could be kept warm on the shelf beneath the top of the range.


Portable Electric Fire
1930s onwards.  These small electric fires were useful for instant heat, especially in rooms that were only used for part of the day, such as bedrooms.

Approximate measurements of fires are provided in inches.